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AMSHINOV- no quarter asked,no quarter given

Think of me as perpetual Shil'shel Peh

Tuesday, January 24, 2006

The nerve of this guy

A chemist by the name of Ranajit Ghosh discovered the V-series nerve agents at the Government research establishment in England in 1952; VX was passed over in favour of continuing with sarin as their chemical weapon of choice. England unilaterally renounced chemical and biological weapons in 1956. In 1958 the British government traded their research on VX technology with us in exchange for information on thermonukes . The US then went into production of large amounts of VX in 1961. Post-treaty disposal included the US Army's CHASE (Cut Holes And Sink 'Em) program, in which old ships were filled with chemical weapons stockpiles and then scuttled. CHASE 8 was conducted on June 15, 1967, in which the S.S. Cpl. Eric G. Gibson was filled with 7,380 VX rockets and scuttled in 7,200 feet of water, off the coast of Jersey. The US is also destroying chemical weapons stockpiles containing VX in nine other locations, one of which is in Russia. In 2005, it was reported that more than 250,000 US gallons (950 m³) of the chemical weapon are stored at the in Indiana.

Nerve Agent VX can also be delivered in binary chemical weapons which mix in-flight to form the agent prior to release. Binary VX is refered to as VX2, and is created by mixing O-(2-diisopropylaminoethyl) O'-ethyl methylphosphonite (Agent QL) with sulfure (Agent NE) as is done in the BIGEye aerial chemical bomb. It may also be produced by mixing with other sulfur compounds, as with the liquid dimethyl polysulfide mixture (Agent NM) in the cancelled XM-768 8-inch binary projectile program.



VE (S-(Diethylamino)ethyl O-ethyl ethylphosphonothioate) is a "V-series" nerve agent closely related to the better-known VX nerve agent.
Like most of the agents in the V-series (with the exception of VX), VE has not been extensively studied outside of military science. Little is known about this compound other than its chemical formula.

It is commonly theorized that the so called "second-generation" V series agents came from a cold war era Russian chemical weapons development program. They may have been developed sometime between 1950 and 1990. They have similar lethal dose levels to VX (between 10-50 mg) and have similar symptoms and method of action to other nerve agents that act on cholinesterase, and treatment remains the same, but the window for effectively treating second generation V series seizures is shorter. In addition to the standard seizures, some of the second generation V series agents are known to cause coma.
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V-series nerve agents, developed in the 1950s, are similar to, but more advanced than, G-series agents. This class includes VE, VG, VM, VS, and VX. These agents are more toxic and more persistent than the G-agents and present a greater skin hazard. They are used for long-term contamination of territory.

VX (vē'ĕks) , nerve gas several times more toxic than sarin but less volatile. It kills within minutes if inhaled or deposited on the skin; protection from VX would require both protective suits and masks. The compound was first prepared in the 1950s during research for new insecticides; its chemical formula is classified by the U.S. government as secret. VX contaminates for several days ground on which it is released. Accidental release of VX in Utah in 1968 caused the death of thousands of sheep, some of them as far as 40 miles from where the gas escaped.


--RBW:All my stories are true ; just some have not happened yet.

Monday, January 23, 2006

אֵיךְ נָפְלוּ גִבֹּרִים

How The Mighty Have Fallen
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First Roumanian-American Congregation (89 Rivington, between Orchard and Ludlow Streets). Built as a church in 1857 and home to successive religious groups (both Jewish and missionary Christian), the building was acquired in 1902 by Shaarey Shamoyim, the First-Roumanian American congregation. Yossele Rosenblatt, Moishe Oysher and Jacob Pincus Perelmuth (Jan Peerce) were among those who sang at this synagogue, once recognized as a cantorial center. The "Rumanische shul" conducted daily, Shabos and holiday services.The roof of the 150-year-old synagogue once renowned as the Cantors' Carnegie Hall, where the choir had included Red Buttons and Eddie Cantor, collapsed yesterday, forcing evacuations.
The collapse began before 4 p.m. in a cascade of timbers, tar paper and debris, after beams supporting the roof came loose, the authorities said late yesterday. There were no injuries. Water damage was detected on the roof several weeks earlier, and congregants were told to stay away until planned repairs were performed.
By early last night, with more than 100 firefighters and other emergency workers on the scene, it was unclear whether the building could be salvaged and whether the congregation had sufficient insurance to cover the damage.
One of a handful of historic churches and synagogues that have survived decades of decline and redevelopment in Lower Manhattan, it has not been designated as a city landmark and could be demolished if repairs prove impractical. Rabbi Shmuel Spiegel, who leads the congregation of about 100, said that one of his first fears was for its Torahs and holy books, which he had been unable to examine because emergency workers barred entrance. But he said the Torahs and books had been stored beneath a section of the roof that appeared to be intact.
The cause of the collapse remained unknown last night, and there was no record of recent structural building violations at the synagogue. Rabbi Spiegel said that water damage became apparent in the building's roof about seven weeks ago, and that he retained an engineer to assess the risk after the congregation's insurance company had refused to honor a claim for repairs.
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The engineer concluded that "it would be safest to keep it closed for a while," Rabbi Spiegel said yesterday. The synagogue had flourished as a center of religious and cultural life during the waves of Jewish immigration to Lower Manhattan in the late 19th century, often serving more than 400 congregants at a time. Through the first half of the 20th century, it became a magnet for aspiring singers and cantors, who dreamed of singing before one of the Lower East Side's most prominent congregations. Like other Jewish congregations in the area the congregation has suffered dwindling membership and financial support in recent decades. The structural damage was clearly severe, the roof of the building, a single-story structure that rises to the roofline of neighboring six-story tenement buildings, had fallen to the floor. At least six heavy timber triangular trusses that had supported the roof dangled in the wreckage.
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-amshinover:if you have nothing nice to say, say it here
 
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