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AMSHINOV- no quarter asked,no quarter given

Think of me as perpetual Shil'shel Peh

Tuesday, January 24, 2006

The nerve of this guy

A chemist by the name of Ranajit Ghosh discovered the V-series nerve agents at the Government research establishment in England in 1952; VX was passed over in favour of continuing with sarin as their chemical weapon of choice. England unilaterally renounced chemical and biological weapons in 1956. In 1958 the British government traded their research on VX technology with us in exchange for information on thermonukes . The US then went into production of large amounts of VX in 1961. Post-treaty disposal included the US Army's CHASE (Cut Holes And Sink 'Em) program, in which old ships were filled with chemical weapons stockpiles and then scuttled. CHASE 8 was conducted on June 15, 1967, in which the S.S. Cpl. Eric G. Gibson was filled with 7,380 VX rockets and scuttled in 7,200 feet of water, off the coast of Jersey. The US is also destroying chemical weapons stockpiles containing VX in nine other locations, one of which is in Russia. In 2005, it was reported that more than 250,000 US gallons (950 m³) of the chemical weapon are stored at the in Indiana.

Nerve Agent VX can also be delivered in binary chemical weapons which mix in-flight to form the agent prior to release. Binary VX is refered to as VX2, and is created by mixing O-(2-diisopropylaminoethyl) O'-ethyl methylphosphonite (Agent QL) with sulfure (Agent NE) as is done in the BIGEye aerial chemical bomb. It may also be produced by mixing with other sulfur compounds, as with the liquid dimethyl polysulfide mixture (Agent NM) in the cancelled XM-768 8-inch binary projectile program.



VE (S-(Diethylamino)ethyl O-ethyl ethylphosphonothioate) is a "V-series" nerve agent closely related to the better-known VX nerve agent.
Like most of the agents in the V-series (with the exception of VX), VE has not been extensively studied outside of military science. Little is known about this compound other than its chemical formula.

It is commonly theorized that the so called "second-generation" V series agents came from a cold war era Russian chemical weapons development program. They may have been developed sometime between 1950 and 1990. They have similar lethal dose levels to VX (between 10-50 mg) and have similar symptoms and method of action to other nerve agents that act on cholinesterase, and treatment remains the same, but the window for effectively treating second generation V series seizures is shorter. In addition to the standard seizures, some of the second generation V series agents are known to cause coma.
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V-series nerve agents, developed in the 1950s, are similar to, but more advanced than, G-series agents. This class includes VE, VG, VM, VS, and VX. These agents are more toxic and more persistent than the G-agents and present a greater skin hazard. They are used for long-term contamination of territory.

VX (vē'ĕks) , nerve gas several times more toxic than sarin but less volatile. It kills within minutes if inhaled or deposited on the skin; protection from VX would require both protective suits and masks. The compound was first prepared in the 1950s during research for new insecticides; its chemical formula is classified by the U.S. government as secret. VX contaminates for several days ground on which it is released. Accidental release of VX in Utah in 1968 caused the death of thousands of sheep, some of them as far as 40 miles from where the gas escaped.


--RBW:All my stories are true ; just some have not happened yet.

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